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Amity Computer Academy

“C” PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE

“C” PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE is a high level and general purpose programming language which is adequate for developing portable applications and firmware. This is the most widely used language. It belongs to the structured and procedural paradigm of languages.

What will the Course Offer You?

C Language Syllabus

  • What is C ?
  • Execution of C Program
  • History
  • Structure of C Program

Variables and Keywords:

  • Character Set
  • Identifier
  • Variable
  • Keywords
  • Escape Sequence Characters

Constants:

  • Real Constant
  • Integer Constant
  • Character Constant
  • String Constant

Data Types:

  • Floating point values in real life and in “C”, float literals
  • Arithmetic operators
  • Priority and binding
  • Post-and pre –incrementation and –decrementation
  • Operators of type op=
  • Char type and ASCII code, char literals
  • Equivalence of int and char data
  • Comparison operators
  • Conditional execution and if keyword
  • printf()and scanf()functions: absolute basics
  • Flow control
  • Conditional execution continued: the “else” branch
  • Moreinteger and float types
  • Conversions–why?
  • Type cast and its operators
  • Loops–while, do and for
  • Controlling the loop execution –break and continue
  • Logical and bitwise operators

Operators:

  • Assignment Operator
  • Arithmetic Operators
  • Logical Operators
  • Relational Operators
  • Shorthand Operators
  • Unary Operators
  • Conditional / Ternary Operator
  • Biwise Operators
  • Operator Precedence and Associativity
  • If Statement
  • If-Else Statement
  • Nested If-Else
  • Switch Case
  • Looping Statements
  • Looping / Iterative Statements
  • while
  • do while
  • for loop
  • Break Statement
  • Continue Statement
  • Goto

Functions:

  • Functions–why?
  • How to declare, define and invoke a function
  • Variables’ scope, local variables and function parameters
  • Pointers, arrays and structures as function parameters
  • Function result and return statement
  • Void as a parameter, pointer and result
  • Parameterzing the main function
  • External function and the extern declarator
  • Header files and their role

Storage Classes:

  • Storage Classes
  • Automatic Storage Class (auto)
  • Register Storage Class (register)
  • Static Storage Class (static)
  • External Storage Class (extern)

Array:

  • Switch:different faces of ‘if’
  • Arrays(vectors) –why do you need them?
  • Sortingin real life and in a computer memory
  • Initiators: a simple way to set an array
  • Pointers: another kind of data in “C”
  • An address, a reference, a dereference and the size of operator
  • Simple pointer and pointer to nothing (NULL) & operator
  • Pointers arithmetic
  • Pointers vs. arrays: different forms of the same phenomenon
  • Using strings: basics
  • Basicfunctions dedicated to string manipulation
  • Memory management and structures
  • Themeaning of array indexing
  • Theusage of pointers: perils and disadvantages
  • Void type
  • Arrays of arrays and multi dimensional arrays
  • Memory allocation and deallocation:malloc()and free()functions
  • Arrays of pointers vs. multidimensional arrays
  • Structures–why?
  • Declaring, using and initializing structures
  • Pointers to structures and arrays of structures
  • Basics of recursive data collections

Structure:

  • Structure
  • Array in Structures
  • Structure with Array
  • Difference between array and structure
  • Pointer

Union:

  • Union
  • Difference between structure and union
  • Strings
  • File Handling

Header Files:

  • Header File
  • Assert.h
  • Ctype.h
  • Math.h
  • Process.h
  • String.h
  • Time.h

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